What Are Terpenes?

What are Terpenes?

In a nutshell, Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in many plants and not just limited to hemp or cannabis plants.  Terpenes are what gives plants their unique aroma and are prevalent in fruits, vegetables, herbs, spices and other botanicals.  These compounds offer a myriad of therapeutical benefits and can assist with human health such as inflammation, mood, pain relief and more.

Scientists have identified hundreds of different terpenes on the planet.  Some of the most common terpenes that have been studied in-depth are present in plants and as we all know, highly present in the cannabis plant.  Some of the most common terpenes include:- Myrcene, linalool, beta-caryophyllene, limonene and pinene - all of which have been studied for health benefits like reducing inflammation and managing allergies. 

Like cannabinoids, terpenes act on the Endocannabinoid system (ECS) in a similar fashion.  Our ECS's primary role is to promote homeostasis.

Why Plants Produce Terpenes?

Terpenes play a vital role in plants. In some plants, terpenes attract pollinators, while in other plants, they cause a strong reaction to repel predators, such as insects or foraging animals.  Fascinating right!

Terpenes and the Endocannabinoid System?

Terpenes have therapeutic properties and can aid in a plants medical effects. Terpenes interact with our endocannabinoid system and assist cannabinoids in entering the bloodstream, in a process called the entourage effect. (More updates on this topic coming soon).

Terpene Overview

Beta-Caryophyllene

Has potent anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antibacterial, antioxidant properties and more. Binds to CB2 receptor which modulates inflammation response making it a cannabinoid in it's own right.  Found in black pepper, cloves, hops and rosemary. 

Humulene

A powerful anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, analgesic compound and appetite suppressant. Found in hops and wood.

Linalool

Linalool has been used for centuries as a relaxant and as a treatment for anxiety and depression giving more resilience to the immune system. Also known to act as an anti-convulsant.  Found in lavender, birch bark, rosewood and many other botanicals.

Myrcene

Has the ability to relax muscles and induce sleep. Also known to protect against DNA damage from toxins.  Although dominantly found in the cannabis plant, myrcene can also be found in mangos, thyme, hops, lemongrass.

Alpha-Pinene

Alpha-pinene may aid in the prevention of memory loss associated with several neurological diseases.  Acts as an anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator (helps open up airways), anti-anxiety and pain reliever.  Found in pine needles, rosemary, basil, conifer trees, orange peels.  One of the most abundant terpenes on the planet.

Geraniol

Primarily derived from the geranium plant, Geraniol is toxic to bacteria and certain fungi.  Neuro-protectant and antioxidant. Potential tumor-reduction properties in cancer cells.  Also found in grapefruit, lemongrass and other citrus plants.

Limonene

A potent anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory treatment.  Aids in digestion and acid reflux relief. Studies also show anti-cancer properties inhibiting growth for various cancers. Improves absorption of other terpenes.  Commonly found in citrus and juniper.

Terpinolene

Natural antiseptic, antifungal, antibacterial.  Mild central nervous system depressant.  Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Commonly found in lilacs, nutmeg, cumin.

Eucalyptol

Cough suppressant, antibacterial cleanser, antioxidant, antifungal. Aids in breathing and respiratory conditions.  Enhances memory and boosts cognitive energy.  Found in eucalyptus, sweet basil, tea tree, rosemary and sage.